Posts tagged ‘Begins’

July 8, 2011

Countdown begins

Skip to content Skip to local navigation Skip to navigation Skip to search Help Accessibility Help BBC News Science & Environment Home UK Africa Asia-Pac Europe Latin America Mid-East South Asia US & Canada Business Health Sci/Environment Tech Entertainment Video 6 July 2011Last updated at 17:33 GMT Share this page Delicious Digg Facebook reddit StumbleUpon Twitter Email Print Space shuttle timeline The story of the space shuttle: After three decades the shuttle era is drawing to a close. With the 135th and final mission scheduled for 8 July, we chart some of the highs and lows of its many journeys into space.

The story of the space shuttle

After three decades the shuttle era is drawing to a close. With the 135th and final mission scheduled for 8 July, we chart some of the highs and lows of its many The space shuttle was conceived as a concept long before man had even stepped on to the Moon. Its development seemed to many the stuff of science fiction made real. The test orbiter, Enterprise, even had a name taken from the Star Trek TV series.

First launch12 April 1981

When Columbia made the inaugural launch, she was manned by astronauts John Young and Bob Crippen. Even today that seems daring – that they should climb aboard a vehicle that had not first been sent on an unmanned test mission.

Spacewalk4 April 1983

Challenger, the second shuttle, was the first to conduct a spacewalk. With two machines Nasa now had a fleet of re-usable spaceplanes. They would change the way humans would live and work in space. Large payloads could be taken into orbit – even retrieved and returned safely to Earth.

Spacewoman18 June 1983

The multi-seat shuttle meant many more people could go into space than had been the case with Nasa’s earlier capsule designs. Many non-military personnel were called up, including physicist Sally Ride – the first American woman to go into space.

Untethered spacewalk7 February 1984

Shuttle missions provided some iconic moments. Bruce McCandless hanging in space above a blue globe is surely one of the most majestic. McCandless was testing the Manned Maneuvering Unit, a device that enabled un-tethered spacewalks.

Challenger disaster28 January 1986

Challenger’s destruction 72 seconds into its 10th mission punctured the notion that space flight had become routine. Among the seven astronauts to lose their lives was Christa McAuliffe, who was set to become the first US civilian and teacher in space.

Return to flight29 September 1988

Twice Discovery would be called upon to return the orbiters to active service following a major accident. The first return to flight mission saw astronauts wear their familiar pressurised Launch Escape, or “pumpkin”, suits for the first time.

Magellan launched4 May 1989

Magellan was the first planetary mission to be launched by an orbiter. It was despatched to Venus to make a radar map of its surface. In the years ahead the shuttle would launch a range of science probes and telescopes.

Hubble telescope24 April 1990

The shuttle would have a recurring association with the Hubble Space Telescope. The astronomical facility would transform our knowledge of the cosmos, but without the regular servicing from orbiter astronauts the HST would never have lasted as long.

Hubble repaired2 December 1993

The most important of those re-visits was made by Endeavour within four years of the original launch. The shuttle carried up the equipment that would correct Hubble’s flawed vision. The telescope became one of the best showcases for the shuttle.

Shuttle-Mir docking27 June 1995

Before the International Space Station there was Mir, the Russian platform. The lessons learned from the 11 orbiter flights to Mir would pave the way for the ISS and the concept of a station project operated by multiple partners.

Oldest man in space29 October 1998

John Glenn was America’s first orbiting astronaut in 1962. His flight on Discovery in 1998 made him not only the oldest person to fly in space at the age of 77, but the only one to have flown in both the Mercury and Space shuttle programmes.

ISS mission begins4 December 1998

Russia began the construction of the ISS, a $100bn (£62bn) project that would take more than 10 years to complete. Some 36 shuttle flights would follow Endeavour’s delivery of the first US component – a connecting module called Unity.

Columbia disaster1 February 2003

Columbia’s loss underlined once again the vulnerabilities in the shuttle transportation system’s design. Insulation foam falling off the external tank on lift-off had damaged the ship’s left wing. The hot gases encountered on re-entry penetrated the hole and tore Columbia apart.

Beginning of the end14 January 2004

Shuttle safety was now a pressing issue. George W Bush signalled the fleet’s retirement, and suggested a replacement transport system be developed to take astronauts back to the Moon. His Constellation project would be cancelled by his successor, however.

“Start Quote
In 2010, the space shuttle, after nearly 30 years of duty, will be retired from service.”

End QuotePresident George W Bush14 January 2004Return to flight26 July 2005

When Eileen Collins and her crew took Discovery back into space, a series of modifications had been introduced to the shuttle and its operation. This included the introduction of a back-flip manoeuvre at the ISS, to allow for a photo inspection of the orbiter’s heatshield.

Almost two and a half years after the Columbia disaster, Discovery relaunched Nasa's shuttle programme with a mission to the International Space Station.Teacher in space8 August 2007

Barbara Morgan was the back-up to Christa McAuliffe in 1986. A teacher by profession, she later joined Nasa’s astronaut corps as a mission specialist. Twenty-one years after the Challenger accident, she finally got her chance to go into space.

Columbus lab7 February 2008

The Columbus space lab was Europe’s largest contribution to the International Space Station to date. Designed to stay in space permanently, the 12.8-tonne Columbus module was plucked from its berth in Atlantis’s bay by the station’s robotic arm.

Discovery’s last flight24 February 2011

Space shuttle Discovery was regarded as the “leader of the fleet”. She conducted both the “return to flight missions” following Challenger and Columbia. She also flew more missions, 39, than any of the other orbiters.

Endeavour’s last flight16 May 2011

The space station could not have been built without the space shuttle. Remarkably, though, it was not until the penultimate flight of the programme that everyone got to see a close-up image of a shuttle actually docked to the orbiting outpost.


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Nasa’s first space shuttle Colombia took to the skies on 12 April 1981 and 30 years later the last remaining shuttle, Atlantis, sets out on its final voyage.

Space companies bullish on futureEndeavour makes last touch-downDiscovery in historic touch-down Share this page Delicious Digg Facebook reddit StumbleUpon Twitter Email Print More Science & Environment stories RSSShuttle (AFP)Weather may delay space history

Nasa enters the final stages of preparation for its last-ever shuttle mission, but the Florida weather looks likely to delay the Atlantis orbiter’s launch.

‘Most fearsome predator’ unveiledFirst synthetic organ transplant Services  News feeds  Mobile  Podcasts  Alerts  E-mail news About BBC News Editors’ blog BBC College of Journalism News sources World Service Trust Mobile

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July 4, 2011

10th Youth Leaders Conference begins

10th Youth Leaders Conference begins

KARACHI: The 10th Youth Leaders Conference with the theme of ‘Eman-Ittehad-Tanzeem-Inqilab’ began at a local hotel on Friday.

The aim of the event is to provide youth with an opportunity to explore their talent and use it for the construction and progress of the country.

The six-day conference was attended by as many as 350 youngsters from the country. The stage and the conference hall were decorated with balloons, having colours of Pakistani flag. The participants were hoisting national flags, which bestowed the ceremony a very patriotic look.
Sports and Youth Affairs Department Secretary Syed Shoaib Siddiqui inaugurated the conference.

In his address, he said that youth were the most important segment of the society and what the department was willing to do was to realise the value of youth to all sectors of life, including politicians, entrepreneurs and others in general and to policy makers in particular.

He said that though the society was facing several negative trends and problems, they also had a beacon of hope in the form of a large number of talented youth. In the Western and developed world, Pakistan was considered as a fortunate country due to its rich percentage of youth in its population, he said.

Siddiqui further said that the society had also some complains about the youth, so it was their duty to redress them and prove themselves as responsible citizens and active members of the society. He urged youth not to waste their time as time and tide wait for none.

He said: “If you want to go abroad to seek knowledge, research, education or even for earning money then you can go, but must remember that none would facilitate, accommodate or respect you as your motherland.”

School of Leadership Director Kamran Rizvi said in a very energetic manner while shedding light over the theme of the conference that youth would play a significant role in eliminating ongoing rising desperation in the society. He told audience: “Revolution comes in a nation when it leaves dual standards, spoiling time and telling lie.”

Rizvi said that they had changed the famous slogan ‘Unity-Faith-Discipline’ into ‘Faith-Unity-Discipline and Revolution’ because unity could not be created without having faith. Faith is the core factor to gain success in the life, he said.

He said that indeed Pakistani nation had not yet experienced freedom as liberty could not be gained without bounding ourselves to discipline. He urged youth to focus on implementing their knowledge, instead of only feeling proud of having knowledge.

The conference was being organised in collaboration with 26 corporate partners. The representatives of these companies and institutions also expressed their views shortly on the occasion.

The conference will continue till Wednesday. During the conference participants will learn leadership values and other required skills of the time.Daily Times.

July 4, 2011

Young Leaders Conference begins

Karachi:Three hundred and fifty young participants from all over Pakistan, dressed in green shirts, were lost in a world of their own as they danced on a famous Pakistani song at the opening ceremony of the 10th Young Leader’s Conference here on Friday.

The YLC is an annual event organised by the School of Leadership for 18-21 years olds.

The theme for this year is ‘Iman, Itehad, Tanzeem – faith, unity, discipline’. The organizers have changed the order of Quaid-e-Azam’s famous quote. “Until people believe and accept and respect differences there can be no unity,” said Rizwan Rizvi, Director SoL.

“The more discipline you have within yourself the more freedom you would have,” he elaborated.

“These three words have no significance for us. It is time we attach meaning to them,” said Umair Jaliawala, a former participant and now a trainer at YLC. Jaliawala considers this conference “sacred” for him.

In the first session, participants were randomly divided into groups of twenty. Each group had a young facilitator, trained by SoL, and a symbol to distinguish them from rest.

After thanking the sponsors who helped organise the event, an orientation session took place, where each group had a one-to-one chat with successful people from the corporate world.

Eighteen year-old Zeeshan who came all the way from Lahore was full of praise for the event. He thought it was good way to build network and make new friends. Even though the conference was charging around Rs40,000 per participant, Zeeshan thought it was “good value for money”.

“People who can not afford it can get sponsored”, he said.

Hira Wajahat, who has been in the YLC management for five years, believes that handling this year’s event is comparatively harder because out of six days, the participants will spend three days in sessions and exercises arranged outside the hotel.

Zainab Haider, a young facilitator, thinks it is a good opportunity for her “to give back what she learnt as a participant last year”. She talks about her YLC community project last year where she invited guest speakers for a session at her university. “You cannot be a YLC graduate if you do not complete your community project,” she explains.

The conference was inaugurated by Syed Shoaib Siddiqui, Secretary Sports and Youth Affair. The organisers said that each year they receive a better response from the youth and were happy for the fact that this year 35 percent of the participants were girls.The news.

July 1, 2011

Duchess Kate Begins Her Fabulous Fashion Tour In Canada

They’re here! Well, by here, we mean Canada but we’re at least on the same continent! Duchess Kate and her husband Prince William (or The Duke of Cambridge) landed yesterday to begin their tour of the country. While everyone’s super excited about their visit, what everyone’s really psyched about is what Kate will wear! And just like Michelle Obama, Kate has her own website that chronicles all her outfits called What Kate Wore. They’re really going to have to be on it, because our lovely Duchess has already had three wardrobe changes in one day.

First up — as you can see from the picture on the left — Kate wore a Manon dress by Roland Mouret for their flight to Canada. She paired it off with a navy jacket by Smythe, Manolo Blahnik Calogera heels and a Mulberry Polly Push Lock bag. Gorgeous! For the official welcoming ceremony to Canda, Kate emerged from the plane wearing the Cecile dress by Canadian designer Erdem Moralioglu. It’s the lovely lace overlay in the middle. That’s quite a smart diplomatic move! Then for a barbecue honoring youth volunteers, which you can see on the right, Kate wore a bird print dress by Issa. It’s the same one Kate wore the night before she married William! So far, it’s a big win because we love all three dresses. What you’re favorite look of the three?

[Photos: Getty Images]

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